Uae History Essay Rubric

Essay about UAE Country


Before 1971 the seven emirates have been together known as the Truncal states, a call that originated from maritime agreements between the British. The leading sheikhs of the tribes inhabit the southern coast between Qatar and Oman. In the first half of the nineteenth century, the monetary lifestyles of the UAE depended heavily on pearl diving and sea exchange in the gulf and UAE.

This brought about the settlement of various ethnic agencies from international locations along the alternate routes, which include Iran and India. Exchange activities with east Africa led to the importation of Africans as a labourer in the pearling enterprise within the past due 19th century. The African and Iranian ethnic populations had been absolutely included as residents.


The United Arab Emirates (UAE) consists of the seven small emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Ajman, umm al-Quwain, and Fujairah, Which had been united as a federal state on 2 December 1971. Earlier than the status quo of the oil financial system within the early 1960s, primary orientations shaped traditional Emirati way of life: the nomadic barren region-orientated Bedouins with small basis farming in the broader context of the desolate tract economic system and subculture, and the ocean-oriented subculture that revolved round pearling and sea trading. Those subcultures have been economically, politically, and socially interdependent, growing a commonplace way of life and social identification. The UAE stocks significant elements of its subculture with neighbouring Arab countries and the larger Arab tradition.


It covers an area of 32,278 square miles (83,600 rectangular kilometres). It is situated on the Arabian Gulf which is also known as Persian Gulf. The boarder is touching the land of other countries, it can be said as it is sharing its border land with Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar. The seven emirates vary substantially in length. Abu Dhabi represents 85 percent of the land, and the smallest emirate is Ajman. Every emirate is known as after its capital metropolis, and Abu Dhabi town is the permanent capital of the country. The inland region is frequently desolate tract with some oases, and the barren ajar mountains run via the country. The use has a dry climate with very excessive temperatures and humidity inside the summer time.


Relative to its length and oil wealth, the UAE has a small populace, predicted at 2,624,000 in 1997. Before 1970, the local population became tiny (anticipated at eighty-six thousand in 1961) and lacked maximum of the technical abilities needed for a modern-day society. The economic manufacturing of oil caused fast population increase due to a boom in the countrywide population from improvements in food regimen, health care, and residing standards and the importation on a big scale of broadly speaking male foreign people. The latter factor has generated a dependence on expatriate Abort; UAE has come to be a multi-ethnic society, and Emirati nationals account for most effective approximately 20 percentage of the populace. This has created an imbalanced population composition in prefer of adult males; in 1997, there had been 1,755,000 males and 869,000 ladies.

Approximately two-thirds of the immigrants are Asians, especially from India, Pakistan, Iran, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and the Philippines. The rest are Arabs, Europeans, and people.


Linguistic association the reputable language is Arabic. Many of the immigrant populace, English, Hindi, Urdu, Farsi, and Filipino are spoken. English is the language of trade.

Country wide day symbolizes one of the most a hit experiments in harmony inside the present day Arab global. The main metaphor is that of the family, with the president called a father. The colour of the country wide flag, inexperienced, purple, white, and black, is shared with other Arab international locations. Different cultural symbols are the falcon, camel, Arabian horse, pearling boat, coffeepot, and date palm. They are used to invoke a historical community that survived harsh conditions and now enjoys the advantages of unity and prosperity. These emblems appear on banknotes, cash, and stamps.

Food & Diet

Earlier than the Nineteen Sixties, food consisted particularly of fish, rice, bread, dates, yoghurt, home-grown veggies, and meat from sheep, goats, and camels. The weight loss program has stepped forward in fine and variety, with present day supermarkets offering imported ingredients.

Lunch is the primary family meal and is eaten at home at around two o'clock. It normally includes fish, rice, meat, and a vegetable dish. Many Emirati picks the traditional fashion of consuming with the right hand. There are strict Muslim taboos towards beef and alcohol, and meat has to be slaughtered in line with the Islamic halal approach.

Emiratis are recognized for their hospitality; they sense honoured while receiving guests and socializing with buddies and family. Guests are welcomed with espresso and clean dates. Incense is exceeded round so that visitors can capture the perfume in their headwear. With the immigrant population have come eating places providing a huge form of ethnic ingredients, and speedy meals restaurants have additionally emerged as popular.

Basic Economy

Earnings are a number of the maximum in the global, but there are big variations among the emirates, with Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah generating the maximum oil. The alternative emirates have benefited from oil wealth through the federal welfare system and employment in kingdom institutions.

With declining oil prices, the government has attempted to diversify the country-wide economic system. This has brought about the increase of industry, creation, commerce, loose change zones, transportation, tourism, infrastructure, agriculture as well as fisheries. Due to the increase in this section dependence on oil by the state has got reduced. In 1998, the gross domestic product turned into envisioned at $45,590 million, 70 percent of the non-oil area. The country-wide currency call is called the Emirian dirham. The use is the 0.33 biggest exporters of crude oil and fuel in the gulf. It’s far a member of the employer of petroleum exporting countries (open).

Division of Labour

Citizens account for 10 percentage of the entire exertions force. Almost all nationals (ninety-nine percentage) paintings within the kingdom area because of the appealing blessings and are employed specifically in non-technical jobs in training, the military, the police, and the civil service. They also very own all Emirati groups. Immigrants are hired in each the private and non-private sectors in manual, technical, and professional occupations.

Authority and Administration

The UAE has a federal authority that is made up of numerous organs: The president and his deputy, the excellent council, the cabinet, the federal country wide council, and an unbiased judiciary with a federal ideal courtroom. The splendid council has both legislative and executive powers and consists of the rulers of the seven emirates. The cabinet includes ministers drawn especially from the ruling families.

About Dubai

Dubai is situated near the coast of the Arabian Peninsula, at the south-west corner of the Arabian Gulf. It has an area of 3,885 kilometres. The city is well known about its hospitality and due to its cultural heritage. It has attractive beaches, fascinating deserts, comfortable hotels and malls. The currency used by the public of Dubai is Dirham that can be compared as AED 3.67 equals to 1 US dollar. The incredible growth of the city in each sector has been from past few decades. The government is constantly working on improving the rules and regulation in commercial transparency. The culture of the city provides a strength and inspiration to Islamic religion that touches all aspects of daily life.

10 Interesting Facts about UAE

  • The country has no rivers.
  • The city Dubai has the highest number of skyscrapers.
  • They used Gulf Rupee till 1965 and now they use Dirham.
  • Masdar a city in Abu Dhabi is the first carbon-free city.
  • The city Dubai has no address system, for instance, no postal codes, no zip codes and no proper directions.
  • Burj Khalifa situated in Dubai is the tallest building in the world.
  • Palm island off Dubai is the largest man-made island in the world.
  • The capital gate of Abu Dhabi is the world’s most inclined building.
  • Ferrari world in Dubai is the largest indoor amusement park in the world.
  • Abu Dhabi has the world’s fourth tallest flagpole.


From the past few years, the government of UAE is exercising many occasions and carnivals in all over the country. The government wants to improve visiting their country and for this many strategies are being used by them. Some festivals that the United Arab Emirates celebrates are as follows:

1. Dubai Marathon

The festival held’s in January. A huge number of participants from different countries come to join this festival and the number of runners is increasing every year. The Dubai Marathon is 1.8 miles (3 Km), 6.2 miles (10Km) and 31 miles (50 Km) races and the winners of Marathon receive a big amount of money.

2.Dubai Shopping Festival

The shopping lovers are needed to remember to breathe as the shopping festival of Dubai is a month long event. From January to February the prices of goods get reduced in every mall of Dubai, this attracts millions of people from around the globe. The event of Dubai shopping is incomplete without the concerts and entertainment programs, concerts grab the attention of the public as well.

3. Abu Dhabi International Jazz Festival

A big crowd gathers to the most populated city of UAE for the international Jazz festival. The event is celebrated in the month of May, for attracting the music lovers. World’s leading jazz artists gives their amazing performances in the festival. It was a two-days event but now it gets extended more than a week.

4. International Film Festival Dubai

It is the event celebrate by the citizen of Dubai in the month of November, it attracts numerous cinema aficionados of the Middle East and Europe. The famous stars and producers of Hollywood can be seen in the city in that month.

5. National Day Festival

The public of UAE celebrates their National day in the month of December. The country got independence from Britain and for feeling honoured they celebrate this event with great Accommodations are really hard to get at the last minute so get it in advance.

Common Educational Proficiency Assessment (CEPA) is a set of locally-developed standardized tests used for admissions and placement by three federal institutions of higher education in the United Arab Emirates (Zayed University, the Higher Colleges of Technology, and UAEU). The tests are produced by the UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific research as part of NAPO (National Admissions and Placement Office) and administered in the three federal institutions.[1] Around 17,000 grade 12 Emirati students take the tests each year.[2] There are two CEPA exams. CEPA-English tests basic English proficiency, and CEPA-Math measures basic math skills. Both exams are administered in two formats: paper-based (with scanned answer sheets) and computer-based.


Zayed University, the Higher Colleges of Technology, and UAE University are primarily English-medium universities located in the United Arab Emirates. Each of these institutions has a foundations or academic bridge program designed to help students increase their level of English to the level required for higher education. CEPA scores indicate which, if any, level of English course is necessary.


CEPA-English was created in 2002 to place students into English foundations programs at the three federal institutions of higher education in the United Arab Emirates (Zayed University, the Higher Colleges of Technology, and UAE University), all of which are English-medium. It was designed to discriminate best at the average level of high school students in the UAE. The test takes two hours, in which test-takers complete 110 multiple choice questions and one essay. Test items are developed in conjunction with English teachers at the three institutions, in an effort to keep the content culturally relevant and compatible with local sensibilities.

Grammar and Vocabulary[edit]

CEPA-English tests English Grammar and Vocabulary proficiency using multiple-choice sentence-completion questions. There are 45 grammar questions, which cover a wide range of basic English structures. There are 40 vocabulary questions, testing the most common words of English, drawn from modified word lists, such as the General Service List, as well as academically-oriented words drawn from a modified Academic Word List.[3]


The Reading Section of CEPA-English includes one visual, non-linear text (such as an advertisement) and two descriptive, narrative, or expository texts of about 400 words each. Vocabulary level is kept to approximately the first 2000 words. The questions on the Reading Section are all multiple-choice, and test students’ ability to identify the main idea of the text, find simple factual details, identify pronoun references, or make inferences about the text.[3]


There is one task on the Writing Section of the exam. Typically, the test-taker is given a prompt eliciting an opinion about a general or local issue. The prompt is given in English and Arabic, and topics vary across versions. The recommended time for the Writing Section is about 30 minutes, in which the test-taker is expected to produce 150-200 words of original text.[3]


The multiple-choice section of CEPA-English is scored using IRT (Item Response Theory) three parameter modeling. Each test version is linked to previous versions, and new parameters are gathered during large administrations. The raw responses are scored using these parameters. A formula is then applied to convert the resulting numbers into CEPA scores, ranging from 90 to 210. The Writing Section is double-blind marked by local English teachers from the three federal institutions. The bands range from 0 (blank, no attempt) to 6. The scores are then mediated, employing multi-faceted Rasch measurement. Anomalous scores (e.g. from high rater disagreement) or jagged profiles are reviewed by the exam staff.[4]

Score Descriptors[edit]

CEPA-English provides the following descriptors in its documentation.[2]

CEPA MCQ RangeAverage WritingDescriptorsCEFR Range
90 - 1390.62Random≤A1
140 - 1491.48Extremely low English ability (Beginner)A1
150 - 1592.38Low, at-riskA1-A2
160 - 1693.11Emerging proficiencyA2-B1
170 - 1793.73IntermediateB1-B2
180 - 2104.48May be ready for direct entry to English-medium tertiary studyB2-C1+


CEPA-Math tests basic math skills including algebra, geometry and measurement, basic data analysis and number sense (e.g. scientific notation, order of operations, fractions/decimals and estimation). There are 50 questions on CEPA-Math. Like CEPA-English, the test is developed in conjunction with faculty members at the three federal institutions of higher education, and scored using IRT modeling.

Test Use[edit]

Admissions and cut scores[edit]

All cut scores and placement scores are determined by the three federal institutions of higher education themselves, with cooperation by CEPA staff. According to the website of Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and the universities’ own websites, CEPA cut scores are as follows.

Higher Colleges of Technology[5][6]Entry to Foundations: ≥150

Direct Entry to Program: ≥180 (Writing Band Direct Entry to Program: ≥5)

Direct Entry to Program: ≥170
UAE University[2]Entry to Foundations: ≥150

Direct Entry to Program: ≥185

Required (no minimum)
Zayed University[7]Entry to Foundations: ≥150

Direct Entry to Program: ≥185

Required (no minimum)

Around 78% of test-takers score above 150, and are eligible for entry into one of the federal institutions. Around 16% achieved a score high enough to bypass foundation programs in 2012, in sharp contrast to the 3% who achieved this score in 2003, when the exam was first used.[8]

Other purposes[edit]

In 2007, CEPA was used as an exit exam for high schools in the UAE Ministry of Education system.[9] CEPA has also been used to identify trends in UAE education[10] and as an indicator of school progress.[11] In 2012, vocational schools such as the Abu Dhabi Vocational Education and Training Institute (ADVETI) began to have their applications processed by NAPO, which will include the use of CEPA scores.[12]

Test Preparation Materials[edit]

The CEPA office has periodically produced materials designed for independent study and test preparation. Among these are CEPA-Learn,[13] a multiple-choice mobile phone app that used SMS to provide students with practice questions, and CEPA Challenge,[14] a study book which has been freely distributed to all grade 12 students since 2008.


See also[edit]

Official website (in English)

Swann, Melanie (22 June 2012) "Hundreds of UAE students face college rejection"The National (Retrieved 22 June 2012)

  1. ^Ismail, Manal (19 September 2008). "What is The Common Educational Proficiency Assessment (CEPA)?". Gulf News. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  2. ^ abc"Interpreting CEPA Scores: FAQ"(PDF). UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  3. ^ abc"CEPA-English Public Specifications"(PDF). UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  4. ^"CEPA-English Writing Assessment: Quality Control"(PDF). UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  5. ^"HCT Entry Requirements". The Higher Colleges of Technology. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  6. ^"Course Catalog, Higher Colleges of Technology"(PDF). Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  7. ^"Zayed University Admissions Requirements". 
  8. ^Swan, Melanie (29 September 2012). "Two in five Emiratis still leave school with no exam pass". The National. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  9. ^"Cepa will replace GSC English test by year end". Khaleej Times. January 24, 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  10. ^Ridge, Natasha (14 April 2011). "Why women graduates outnumber men in the UAE". Gulf News. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  11. ^Ahmed, Afshan (14 May 2011). "School's success broadens pupil aspirations". The National. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  12. ^Swan, Melanie (11 September 2012). "Thousands turn up at Abu Dhabi vocational college". Gulf News. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  13. ^Shamseddine, Mohammed (18 April 2007). "Pupils use cell phone to study for test". Gulf News. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  14. ^Bardsley, Daniel (18 February 2010). "Top marks for new exam practice book". The National. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 

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