A recent report suggests that on average, Chinese students spend three hours every day doing homework, twice as much as the global average, three times the amount in France, four times that in Japan and six times that in South Korea.
The report was based on big data generated by 20 million users of the education app Afanti in 31 provinces across China over a year's period.
It also shows most Chinese students sleep less than 7 hours every night, 1.5 hours less than their global peers. In addition, 46.3 percent of junior high students usually go to bed after 11 p.m., and nearly 90 percent of senior high students often stay up late. Some 8.9 percent of students in east China's city of Nanjing do not hit the hay until after midnight.
The data did not seem to surprise Chinese netizens. They quickly took to Weibo to express their thoughts on homework:
Here is a sample of comments on Weibo:
@hefengxiyu: Three hours? This is a LIE! I am spending more than four hours a day on my homework!
@On_the_top: We are all nerds, but we don't perform that well, compared with our international peers. People say we Chinese students are hardworking and smart and I admit that. However, I don't think we should be proud of it because we lack creativity and we don't get too many chances to develop this ability.
@Tiger669: I interpret the report a bit differently. Sometimes, playing is another form of studying. Students from other countries are doing their homework outside their home, like doing community work or having field trips. These activities cost more than 3 hours per day.
@hunu: I think it depends on students. Some students need others to tell them how to study. If so, doing homework works for them. However, for those self-learners, doing more than 3 hours of homework might just be counterproductive.
In the hopes of easing pressures on China's students, the country' education officials are considering a ban on written homework. Here, students walk to school in Beijing in June. Ed Jones/AFP/Getty Images hide caption
In the hopes of easing pressures on China's students, the country' education officials are considering a ban on written homework. Here, students walk to school in Beijing in June.Ed Jones/AFP/Getty Images
Chinese officials hope to rein in teachers who assign too much homework, as the country's Ministry of Education considers new rules that ban schools from requiring students to complete written tasks at home. Citing undue stress on students, the ministry would also limit the number of exams students take.
The goal of relieving pressure on students was also cited in July, when China's Education agency issued a ban on written homework for first and second graders during the summer vacation. Readers may recall that last autumn, French President Francois Hollande declared his wish to ban homework, as well.
Chinese officials presented a draft version of a long-term education reform plan for public comment last week. The plan calls for cutting homework, replacing it with visits to museums and libraries, and boosting "students' hands-on capabilities through handicrafts or farm work," the Xinhua state news agency reports.
The plan's goals include "raising the senior high school gross enrollment rate to 90 percent, and increasing the higher education gross enrollment rate to 40 percent," according to a press bulletin at the ministry's website.
One rule would prohibit any unified exams for students in the third grade and younger. Students in the fourth grade and above could not be required to take more than two exams per subject in each semester.
The plan would also require that "exam scores and contest awards shall not be used as criteria for school admission in the compulsory education phase."
Another proposal targets extracurricular academic classes, which many Chinese parents rely on to help their kids get ahead.
"Parents of one Shanghai second-grader said they have this year spent nearly 30,000 yuan (US$4,901) on extra classes such as English and mathematics," reports the SINA news site.
In the fight over homework, it seems the teachers may have an unlikely ally: their students.
"It's not that much work," one girl tells The Shanghaiist, in a video that some of her classmates probably hope goes unseen. "Sometimes it takes just half an hour to 40 minutes."
"It takes just 40 minutes to do the homework," another girl says. "If there's more from my mom, then it takes me just a little over an hour."
That's right — Chinese parents sometimes assign homework of their own. As another student explains, his parents require him to complete exercises that are separate from his school studies.
"My parents just bought me some workbooks," he says. "They just want me to learn better and get into a good junior high school."
The push to cut homework has also met with resistance among educators, who say it would undermine their efforts to have students retain what they learn. And teachers tell SINA that for issues like literacy, homework is crucial. Others say homework isn't the real problem.
"If homework or academic assignments are stopped, schools and parents will worry about the possible decline in enrollment rates, which remains the main assessment of education quality," elementary education director Wang Ming, of the National Education Development Research Center, tells China Daily.
"If we want to have a real impact on easing the burden, the assessment and enrollment systems, which still heavily count on examination results, should be adjusted," he says.
In June, Xinhua reported four recent instances of Chinese students killing themselves after they received poor scores on college entrance exams.
And The Shanghaiist reports that in 2011, three young girls "allegedly killed themselves over stress related to school work."
The site also notes that China's education officials have been urging cuts to homework burdens since 1988, with few positive results.